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Fidelio

Opera: Work details

Composer: Ludwig van Beethoven
Music title: Fidelio, Op. 72
Librettist: Joseph von Sonnleithner
Librettist: Stephan von Breuning
Librettist: Georg Friedrich Treitschke
Work definition: Opera in two acts
Title notes: Original title: 'Leonore, oder Der Triumph der ehelichen Liebe'
After: After the French libretto 'Léonore, ou L'amour conjugal' by Jean-Nicolas Bouilly
Language: German
Notes: Beethoven's three-act opera premiered on 20 November 1805 at the Theater an der Wien, Vienna, and a revised two-act version was first performed on 29 March 1806 at the same theatre. The second and final two-act version, subsequently the most commonly performed, premiered at the Kärntnertortheater, Vienna, on 23 May 1814. Beethoven named his opera 'Leonore', although the theatres performed it under the title 'Fidelio'. The title 'Leonore' is now commonly used to refer to the 1805 and 1806 versions of the opera.
World premiere: 23 May 1814, Kärntnertortheater, Vienna
ROH premiere: 12 June 1835, Alfred Bunn Opera Company
ROH company premiere: 9 December 1948, Covent Garden Opera Company, Royal Opera House, Covent Garden, London
Productions
Fidelio (1948) Covent Garden Opera Company (15 performances online)
Fidelio (1961) Covent Garden Opera Company (19 performances online)
Fidelio (1986) The Royal Opera (2 performances online)
Fidelio (1990) The Royal Opera (13 performances online)
Fidelio (2007) The Royal Opera (16 performances online)

Performances not linked to a production
14 July 1997 Evening 7.30pm Royal Opera House, Covent Garden, London
1 December 1999 Evening Royal Opera House, Covent Garden, London
4 December 1999 Evening Royal Opera House, Covent Garden, London